Learn everything you need to know to vote
|Authority conducting elections||County Elections Officer3/Local political subdivisions|
|Deadline to post notice of candidate filing deadline||Thursday, June 19, 2014 (Recommended; actual deadline extended by Emancipation Day state holiday to next business day, Friday, June 20, 2014). For local (non-county) political subdivisions that have a first day to file for their candidates.|
|First Day to File for Place on General Election Ballot 1||Saturday, July 19, 2014 (“first day” does not move)
(NEW LAW: Election Code Sec. 144.005 now provides for a “first day” to file unless otherwise provided by the Election Code.)
Last Day to Order General Election (or Special Election on a Measure)
|Monday, August 18, 2014 (78th day)|
|Last Day to File for Place on General Election Ballot (for local political subdivisions ONLY) 1||
Monday, August 18, 2014 at 5:00 p.m.
|First Day to Apply for Ballot by Mail||Friday, September 5, 2014 (does not apply to FPCA)|
|Last Day to Register to Vote||Monday, October 6, 2014|
|First Day of Early Voting||Monday, October 20, 2014 (17th day before election day falls on a Saturday, first day moves to next business day)|
|Last Day to Apply for Ballot by Mail
(Received, not Postmarked)
|Friday, October 24, 2014 (NEW LAW: 9th day before election day; regular ABBM)
FPCA deadline is Tuesday, October 28, 2014 (UNCHANGED: 7th day before election day; FPCA)
|Last Day of Early Voting||Friday, October 31, 2014|
|Last day to Receive Ballot by Mail||Tuesday, November 4, 2014 (election day) at 7:00 p.m. (unless overseas deadline applies)|
1 Local political subdivisions might not have a "first day" to file. However, under new law, most local entities now have a first day to file. Write-in deadlines for general and special elections also vary; the deadline for most local (city, school, other) general elections is now the same day as the filing deadline for application for a place on the ballot in a May election or November of an odd-numbered year; special election write-in rules vary, see long calendars for details.
Generally, the filing deadline is the 71st day prior to Election Day (78th day prior to November General Election in even-numbered years); however, the Election Code may provide a different special election filing deadline. See Section 201.054 of the Texas Election Code.
2 If no candidate for a four-year term has filed an application for a place on the ballot for a city office, the filing deadline for that office is extended to 5 p.m. of the 57th day before the election. See Section 143.008 of the Texas Election Code.
3 The county elections officer may be the county clerk, the county tax assessor-collector (if commissioners court transfers election duties to him/her), or the county elections administrator (if commissioners court creates the position).
Many Texans vote early. Texas enables residents to vote in the days and weeks before an election to make the voting process more convenient and accessible. There are two ways to vote early: by showing up in person during the prescribed early voting period or by voting by mail.
Generally, early voting in person begins the 17th day before Election Day (if that’s a weekend, early voting starts on Monday) and ends the 4th day before election day. (EXCEPTION: Early voting for elections held in May starts the 12th day before Election Day and ends on the 4th day before Election Day.) Vote at a location in your political subdivision that’s close to where you live or work. All other voting rules and procedures apply – e.g., eligibility, identification, polling hours.
If you are voting early because of an expected absence, you may apply in person for a ballot by mail before the early “voting in person” period begins (usually the 17th day before the election).
If you are voting by mail because you are disabled or are 65 years of age or older, you may use a single application to request ballots by mail for all county elections in the calendar year. To do so, simply mark “Annual Application” on your application for a ballot by mail when selecting the election for which you are applying.
You can write your own application for a ballot by mail, as long as it contains:
1. The Election Code authorizes voting a limited ballot after changing county of residence.
2. A person voting a limited ballot under this chapter is entitled to vote only on each office or measure to be voted in a territorial unit (state or district) of which the person was a resident both before changing their county of residence and after the change.
1. After changing residence to another county, a person is eligible to vote a limited ballot by personal appearance or by mail if:
a. the person would have been eligible to vote in the county of former residence on election day if still residing in that county; and
b. the person is registered to vote in the county of former residence at the time the person
1. offers to vote in the county of new residence; or
2. submitted a voter registration application in the county of new residence; and
c. a voter registration for the person in the county of new residence is not effective on or before election day.
2. A person is not eligible to vote a limited ballot by mail unless, in addition to satisfying the eligibility requirements prescribed above, the person is eligible to vote early by mail under the standard early by mail rules.
An application for a limited ballot to be voted by mail under this chapter must be submitted to the early voting clerk serving the election precinct in which the applicant currently resides.
A person may vote a limited ballot by personal appearance only at the main early voting polling place.
1. Before providing a limited ballot to the applicant, the early voting clerk must verify, if possible, that the applicant does not have an effective voter registration in the county of new residence.
2. If the person has applied in the county of new residence for a voter registration that will be effective on or before Election Day, the limited ballot application must be rejected.
Not later than the 30th day after receipt of an application for a limited ballot, the early voting clerk must notify the voter registrar of the voter’s former county of residence that the voter has applied for a limited ballot.
Voting Presidential Ballot by Former Resident.
The Election Code authorizes voting a presidential ballot for president and vice-president under certain circumstances.
SUM: the procedure helps former residents of Texas who have recently moved to another state but did not register in time to vote in the new state.
A former resident is eligible to vote a presidential ballot under this chapter by personal appearance or by mail if the former resident:
1. is domiciled in another state;
2. was registered to vote in Texas at the time the former resident ceased to be a resident;
3. would be eligible for registration to vote in this state if a resident; and
4. on presidential election day, will not have resided in the state of present domicile for more than 30 days and is not eligible to vote in the presidential election in that state.
An application for a presidential ballot to be voted by mail under this chapter must be submitted to the early voting clerk serving the county of the applicant’s most recent registration to vote.
1. The total time period for voting this ballot by personal appearance is the early voting period, plus the early voting clerk’s regular office hours between early voting and Election Day, then on Election Day.
a. A person may vote a presidential ballot by personal appearance only at the main early voting polling place for the county of the person’s most recent registration to vote.
b. The period for voting presidential ballots under chapter 13 by personal appearance ends on presidential Election Day.
c. Beginning on the day after the last day of the period for early voting by personal appearance and through presidential election day, the dates and hours for voting presidential ballots by personal appearance are the dates and hours that the county clerk’s main business office is regularly open for business.
2. Personal Appearance Voting; Processing Results.
a. On submission of an application for a presidential ballot to be voted by personal appearance, the early voting clerk shall review the application and verify the applicant’s registration status in accordance with the procedure applicable to early voting by mail.
b. The personal appearance voting shall be conducted with the balloting materials for early voting by mail.
c. The voter must mark and seal the ballot in the same manner as if voting by mail, except that the certificate on the carrier envelope need not be completed.
d. On sealing the carrier envelope, the voter must give it to the clerk, who shall note on the envelope that the ballot is a presidential ballot.
e. The results of voting a presidential ballot by personal appearance shall be processed in accordance with the procedures applicable to processing early voting ballots voted by mail.
1. As soon as practicable after the close of voting, the early voting clerk shall notify the voter registrar of the name of each person who applied for a presidential ballot whose name appears on the list of registered voters.
2. On receipt of the notice, the voter registrar shall cancel the voter’s registration.
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